MP by-elections will be held in the Vani and Khoni single-mandate constituency in Imereti region in April 2018. The exact date of polls will be announced by the Central Election Administration two months before the Election Day.
The majoritarian seat became vacant after Grigol Liluashvili, a ruling party lawmaker, who chaired the Parliament’s committee for regional policy and self-governance, was appointed as the deputy head of the State Security Service.
In Georgia’s mixed electoral system 77 seats in 150-member Parliament are allocated proportionally under the party-list contest among the parties and electoral blocs, which clear a 5% threshold in nationwide popular vote.
Rest of the 73 MPs are elected in 73 single-member districts, known as “majoritarian” mandates; a majoritarian MP candidate has to win over 50% of votes in order to gain an outright victory in the first round, otherwise a second round will be convened.
The latest parliamentary election were held on October 8, 2016. The 2020 parliamentary polls will be held under the mixed proportional-majoritarian system, while from 2024 the country will move to a fully proportional representation.